Nida Bikmen, Denison University: White Americans' Smiles in Same-race and Interracial Interactions
Abstract: Do White Americans display more genuine (Duchenne) smiles or more deliberate (non-Duchenne) smiles during interracial interactions as opposed to same-race interactions? White undergraduates will be randomly assigned to interact with either same-race (White American) or different-race (African or Latina American) partners. Their smiles will be coded by investigators certified in Facial Action Coding System. It is predicted that Whites will display more non-Duchenne smiles in interracial versus same-race interactions in order to mask interracial anxiety.
Shai Davidai, The New School for Social Research: Perceptions of economic inequality and upward social mobility
Abstract: Recent research has shown that Americans systematically overestimate the degree of economic mobility in the United States. I propose to examine the relationship between perceptions of economic inequality and perceptions of upward mobility. Specifically, I will examine two opposing hypotheses: that people overestimate upward mobility as a defense mechanism against the threat of economic inequality (an inequality-mobility link), and that people overestimate mobility due to an underestimation of true levels of inequality (an equality-mobility link).
Lisa Hoplock, University of Manitoba: Improving Empathic Accuracy Through an In-Class Intervention Provided via Videoconferencing
Abstract: Empathic accuracy- the ability to accurately detect what someone is thinking or feeling- is an important skill, especially for nurses in providing client-centred care. We aim to test an adapted intervention delivered via teleconference that will help student nurses engage in empathic discussions with family caregivers. We predict that students’ empathic accuracy will be greater in the intervention condition compared to the control condition. Results will elucidate the feasibility of conducting the intervention via videoconferencing.
Simon Howard, Marquette University: The Message: Conscious Hip-Hop Lyrics Reduce Stereotype Threat for Black Americans
Abstract: The present study will be the first to investigate whether the detrimental effects of stereotype threat on Blacks’ academic performance can be mitigated through exposure to hip-hop lyrics that affirm Black identify. Black participants will be put in a situation that induces stereotype threat. Next, they will be exposed to different genres of music before taking a challenging test. It is hypothesized that conscious hip-hop will act as a buffer to stereotype threat for Blacks.
Bryan Koenig, Washington University in St. Louis: Moral punishment: How much is enough?
Abstract: People want wrongdoers to be punished, but how severe a punishment do they want—and why that amount? In the proposed research, a series of experiments compare people’s preferred punishment fines for a thief with that thief’s gain and his victim’s losses, all in US dollars. We will use these comparisons to evaluate among punishment calibration points predicted by traditional deterrence theory, traditional retribution theory (just deserts), welfare tradeoff theory, and fitness differential theory.
Ioana Latu, Queen's University Belfast, UK: Psychological well-being and coping with blatant homophobia in a sample of Romanian gay men
Abstract: Social biases are becoming more explicit, one example being a new wave of blatant homophobia in Romania, inspired by conservative political action. In the current study I plan to investigate how Romanian gay men cope with such increasingly explicit and aggressive homophobia, and how these coping responses predict their psychological well-being. I will investigate both explicit and implicit coping responses and predict that personality factors may also moderate the coping – well-being relationship.
Andrew Luttrell, College of Wooster: Using Moral Arguments to Persuade People With Moral Conviction: A Test of Matching Effects vs. Attitude Strength
Abstract: Moral beliefs and convictions play a critical role in the formation and change of people’s attitudes toward a variety of topics. Thus far, however, little research has tested the efficacy of morally framed persuasive appeals, and no research has considered how an audience’s initial moral conviction determines the efficacy of morally driven counter-attitudinal persuasive messages. Two studies are proposed to clarify this important gap and shed light on the role of morality in persuasion processes.
Angela Pirlott, Saint Xavier University: Perceived Threats to the Religious Ingroup Engage Moral Disgust toward, Aggression against, and Expulsion of LGB Individuals to Prevent Religious Ingroup Contamination
Abstract: Although large body of literature has forged the connection between religiosity and anti-LGB prejudices, the current work extends the previous literature by arguing that religion operates like an ingroup, and accordingly, perceived threats from LGB individuals to religious ingroup values, norms, and cohesion should predict moral disgust, attempts to prevent LGB individuals from spreading their norm-violating behavior, and expulsion from the group if the behavior fails to cease.
Elaine Cheung: The Role of Emodiversity in Cultivating Empathy in the Context of Stress
Abstract: We seek to understand the factors that promote empathy in the context of stress. Although stress tends to disrupt the capacity for empathy, certain professions are both high in stress and also require empathy (e.g., physicians). In three studies examining medical students and individuals from the general population, we seek to examine whether individuals who maintain a rich and diverse emotional life, termed emodiversity, are better able to empathize with others when confronted with stress.
- Sarah Gomillion: Online Dating Decisions: An Eye-Tracking Study
Abstract: Choosing a romantic partner is one of the most important tasks humans face, and people are increasingly using online dating to help them find a match. Yet, people often have little insight into how they make dating choices– online or offline. Using eye tracking, this study will compare relatively objective information about participants’ visual attention to their subjective accounts of how they choose partners, illuminating partner selection processes in an ecologically valid context.
- Jamie Hughes: Meta-Perception of the Police: An Investigation of the Influence of Meta-Dehumanization on Police Cooperation and Support
Abstract: Police use of deadly force disproportionately affects minorities. Marginalized Americans may consequently feel dehumanized by the police and dehumanize police in return, leading to profound mistrust between police and communities. In Study 1, meta-dehumanization and dehumanization are measured alongside procedural justice, police legitimacy, support for collective action, and social dominance orientation. In follow-up studies, meta-dehumanization is manipulated and dehumanization measured. Meta-dehumanization and dehumanization are expected to uniquely predict attitudes and behaviors toward the police.
- Kymberlee O'Brien: Assessing Chronic Stress Pathways to Health Disparities: Biological, Cognitive, and Psychosocial Factors in a Community Sample
Abstract: The present research investigates acute and chronic stress in a community of adults and students (ages 18-30, N=104, 50% female) living in the diverse neighborhoods of Worcester, MA and surrounding areas. We use both objective and subjective indicators of stress, including hair cortisol concentrations, cardiovascular parameters, perceived discrimination, subjective social status, and anthropometric measures that may be associated with the development of allostatic load.
- Petra Schmid: Social Power and Cognitive Efficiency: How People Who Feel Powerful Get Better Results
Abstract: Powerful people are more goal-focused and pursue their goals more effectively than powerless people. But how exactly do the powerful manage to pursue their goals so well, and what are the obstacles for the powerless? Using electroencephalography (EEG) methods, it will be tested whether individuals who feel powerful pursue their goals more efficiently and achieve good results with less cognitive resources or alternatively mobilize greater cognitive resources and, as a result, perform better.
- H. Colleen Sinclair: Swipe White: Examining Sexual Racism in Online Dating
Abstract: Over the past 10 years, finding partners online has become increasingly common. Recent studies have revealed a same-race preference in online dating partner selection. The role of racism in influencing these choices has been under-examined. The present study thus examines whether racial biases influence partner selection by testing whether implicit and explicit racial attitudes correspond to tolerance of “sexual racism” and preferences for same-race dating profiles.
- Kimberly Quinn: Physical Self–Environment Connectedness and Wellbeing
Abstract: Self–other connectedness promotes a variety of positive outcomes—but what happens when the “other” is the physical environment? The proposed experiment will test the hypothesis that while walking and listening to music (to promote self-expansion), participants who attend to the physical environment will show greater sense of place and higher wellbeing than participants in baseline self-focus or baseline conditions, and that this relationship will be mediated by a sense of physical self–environment connectedness.