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In the Journals

Want To Cut Back on Snacks? Try Focusing on Alternate Activities

Illustration of man walking down road with fruits and vegetables creating the landscape

How far would you be willing to go for your favorite afternoon snack? Imagine the vending machine near your office is out of it. What would you do next? Some of us would simply choose another snack or just go back to our desk, but others would walk farther to the next vending machine, and still others would drive to the closest convenience store.  

Why Do People Listen To “Experts” Even When They Are Inaccurate?

Illustration of man battling a bull and a bear

From health care professionals to political pundits, policy advisors to sports commentators, advisors are often portrayed as experts in their respective fields. These experts can make surprisingly inaccurate predictions about the future, yet people continue to trust in their predictions.

Avoiding information to protect an intuitive preference

Image of decadent chocolate molten cake on a fork

Starting a diet? Avoiding the bakery section at the grocery store is a good way to start. Not knowing what tempting baked goods are available can make it easier to stick with your health goal.

But what if you’re out celebrating a big promotion, and the chocolate cake is already calling your name? Could avoiding information about the calorie count of the cake before you make your decision also be considered a “smart” strategy?

‘Pride and Prejudice’ Paths to Inclusion: Diverse Cultural Practices and Perceived Discrimination Matter

Image of multicultural group of young adults walking together

In recent years discussions about inclusion have been front and center, capturing media headlines in the form of protests and multi-million dollar commitments from leaders. From college campuses to industries that range from technology and business to arts and entertainment such protests and institutional commitments have sparked spirited debates about best practices to facilitate inclusion.

The Ebbs and Flows of Attachment Insecurity

Image of people riding a rollercoaster as it twists sideways and upside down

Consider the following relationship scenario: Jamie and Sam are in a committed and loving relationship. Jamie has always thought of Sam as a supportive, loving, and dependable partner. Recently, however, Jamie has been experiencing doubts about their relationship – there are times that Jamie feels secure in their relationship, but there are other times that Jamie questions where she can truly rely on Sam and feels insecure in their relationship. This relationship scenario is not uncommon. Relationships often feel turbulent and tumultuous.

Simulation allows researchers to glimpse into the long-term consequences of interventions

Image of young female student writing on paper at a school desk

When I was working as a secondary school teacher, I realized that even seemingly tiny changes in my class could significantly improve students’ motivation and behavior. For example, take one of my students who didn’t seem to be interested in any subjects at all.

After 50 years of explaining conservatism as flaw, new study suggests it's cultural

Image of person running in front of a city skyline

Social psychologists are overwhelmingly liberal. Most people would probably say that if 90% of a field are liberal, that would be pretty skewed, but a recent survey suggests the real number is 12 liberals to 1 conservative.

When do humanlike virtual assistants help - or hinder - online learning?

Image of robot toy pointing to "Artificial Intelligence" written on a chalkboard

Online learning is an increasingly popular tool across most levels of education. Currently, all 50 states in the United States offer online learning at the K-12 level, and about 74% of K-8 teachers use educational software as a classroom tool. About 5.8 million higher education students are taking at least one online course, and revenue from mobile learning products in North America is predicted to rise steadily, reaching $410 million by the end of 2018.

Coming Out vis-à-vis Identification with Symbols: Exploring the Affirmative Role of Gay Icons

Illustration of group of people celebrating and waving Gay Pride flags

My maternal grandmother, Mimi, outwardly presented as a composite of gay icons. She lived her life as the ingénue in a John Waters film, but—like most things camp—was completely genuine and self-assured. It was Mimi who, via rented VHS tapes, introduced me to splashy movie-musicals starring Judy Garland, Barbra Streisand, and others. Before his death when I was twelve, I remember my grandfather cautioning Mimi against showing me those films, or else I might “turn out like” a family friend known to be gay.

Are Men Seen as ‘More American’ Than Women?

Image of men and women standing in front of an American flag

Women make up 50.8 percent of the U.S. population and have equal voting rights, yet are politically underrepresented. The country has never had a female president or vice president. Only 3.5 percent of Supreme Court justices have been women, and women make up only 20 percent of Congress.

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