2011 SPSP Award Citations
The 2011 Jack Block Award
Charles S. Carver
Charles Carver has been one of the most influential and integrative thinkers and prolific contributors to research on personality over the past three decades. His theory of self-regulation through goals (an overview was published as a book in 1998, together with his long-time collaborator, Michael Scheier) has influenced scores of personality psychologists and represents a sophisticated application of cybernetic principles to the description of personality dynamics. Among his other influential contributions to personality research are his work on self-directed attention, his work on optimism, a theory of emotion as resulting from discrepancies between projected and actual rates of goal progress, and an account of depression and impulsive aggression as resulting from impaired regulation of behavioral approach and avoidance systems. Charles Carver has been an incredibly prolific writer, sharp and rigorous thinker, and has helped shape the field through his tenure as editor at JPSP and author of a popular textbook (coauthored by Michael Scheier) that introduces new students to the field of personality with an amazingly broad and balanced approach to its diversity. Modern research on personality has benefitted tremendously from Carver's input and would be considerably poorer and less developed without it.
The 2011 Donald T. Campbell Award
John Dovidio has a stellar track record in research on stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. In particular, together with his long-time collaborator, Samuel Gaertner, he has shown how contemporary forms of prejudice and discrimination toward Blacks and other disadvantaged groups are more subtle and less recognizable than traditional racism. Through his work on the negation of stereotypes and on the common ingroup identity model, he has also shown how to overcome the pernicious consequences of stereotyping and favoring the ingroup. In a research domain dominated by cognitive approaches, he has shown the value of embracing a variety of methods and measures, including the study of nonverbal behavior and emotion regulation, and the combination of both explicit and implicit measures. He has also made major contributions to research on interpersonal helping and prosocial behavior, through the development of the "arousal: cost-reward” model of helping. Moreover, he has shown a consistent concern to explore the social policy implications of his and others’ research. In addition to his many research achievements, he has been a terrific ambassador for the field of social psychology, working tirelessly to build bridges and to develop the discipline internationally.
The 2011 Career Contribution Award
Thomas Pettigrew is the author of several hundred research articles and books that have influenced the development of theory and stimulated laboratory and field research on topics spanning social comparison and relative deprivation to race relations throughout the world. He was an early and powerful force in social psychology’s focus on prejudice, intergroup relations, and intergroup contact. For more than 50 years, Thomas Pettigrew has been at the forefront of research on racial prejudice and intergroup relations, for which he has received numerous awards, including the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues’s Kurt Lewin Award and its Gordon Allport Award (twice). His work is distinguished by its emphasis on how racism and prejudice can be reduced through intergroup contact and changing social norms. He has conducted research in Europe, South Africa, and Australia, and his work has had worldwide impact on the growing field of intergroup relations. Not content to remain only in the academy, he has prepared materials for National Educational Television and other media outlets on race relations, and he has served as an expert witness in key desegregation cases. Thomas Pettigrew’s inspirational career is a model for those who would influence not only social psychology, but also the world it describes for the better.
The 2011 Career Contribution Award
Working tirelessly and enthusiastically, Harry Triandis pioneered the psychological study of culture. Long before others were convinced, he understood that culture matters for all aspects of behavior and demonstrated that it could be systematically analyzed using psychological tasks in the laboratory andthe field. Among his most significant contributions is the theory that individualism and collectivism are distinct culturally derived frameworksthat provide implicit and far-reaching scripts for behavior. Always seeking to foster cross-cultural appreciation and understanding, Harry Triandis has traveled the world presenting at international conferences, collaborating with scholars from around the globe, andtraining young scientists. Concerned with the practical application of his theorizing, he designed methods for cross-cultural training that reduce the shock among those encountering each others' culture for the first time, and editedthe international volume of the Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. For his persistent efforts in internationalizing psychology, Harry Triandis has received numerous awards, including an honorary degree from the University of Athens, Greece, the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Contributions to International Psychology,the Lifetime Contribution Award from the Academy of Intercultural Research in 2004, and was named an honorary fellow of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology.
The 2011 Cialdini Award
Ayelet Gneezy, Uri Gneezy, Leif Nelson, and Amber Brown
The 2011 Cialdini Award goes to Ayelet Gneezy, Uri Gneezy, Leif Nelson, and Amber Brown for their paper entitled, "Shared Social Responsibility: A Field Experiment in Pay-What-You-Want Pricing and Charitable Giving,” published in Science in 2010. This article describes the results of an ambitious field experiment comparing the success of pay-what-you-want vs. fixed pricing when crossed with a promise of donating vs. not to a charitable cause. Results reveal that although a generic pay-what-you-want scheme was unsuccessful, pay-what-you-want was highly successful – and even more profitable than any other pricing scheme -- when accompanied by a promise to donate half of the proceeds to charity. In the best tradition of Bob Cialdini’s work, this study used a large-scale field experiment to illustrate how corporate and charitable interests can be aligned to benefit society, while also teaching us something important about human behavior.
The 2011 Diener Award in Personality
The recipient of the 2011 Carol and Ed Diener Award for Outstanding Mid-Career Contributions to Personality Psychology is Laura King. Dr. King received her Ph.D. in 1991 from the University of California Davis and began her career at Southern Methodist University. She moved to the University of Missouri-Columbia in 2001, where she is now the Frederick A. Middlebush Professor. Dr. King has made significant and substantial contributions to personality psychology for the past 20 years. Her research on life meaning and positive psychology has been well received by the field, as indicated by her receiving the Templeton Prize in Positive Psychology. Dr. King has published many important findings about the happiness of specific groups, such as gay adults, and these studies have informed the understanding of the personality dynamics of these groups, as well as how people make meaning from life. Throughout her career she has focused on how people fulfill their wishes, what factors contribute to experience of living a good life, and the subjective nature of self-reflection.
Dr. King served as editor-in-chief for the Journal of Research in Personality and she is currently editor of the personality section at the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Dr. King was chosen for these roles because she is extraordinarily knowledgeable about personality psychology and she shows the rare ability to make judgments without being judgmental. She has also served the Society of Personality and Social Psychology in many roles, most recently as a member-at-large on the executive committee. To borrow one of her terms, Dr. King has lived a good life in personality psychology. For her professional and scientific contributions, the selection committee honors Laura King.
The 2011 Diener Award in Social Psychology
Galen. Bodenhausen is a very accomplished scholar who has contributed in several important ways to the field of social psychology through his exceptional research, his service, and his mentoring of young scientists. With over 100 publications to date, Galen Bodenhausen has been one of the most influential leaders in the field of social cognition. Much of his research has examined the cognitive processes that govern categorical thinking, stereotyping, and prejudice, especially the role of stereotypes as judgmental heuristics that ease information processing. His more recent theoretical and empirical work has focused on stereotype and attitude change. He has also conducted ground-breaking research on the role of incidental affect on stereotyping and the mechanisms through which perceivers process visually ambiguous or complex social information. In addition to these important empirical contributions, he has also published significant theoretical pieces and reviews in several prestigious outlets, including the Annual Review of Psychology, Psychological Bulletin, and Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
The 2011 Media Achievement Award
David Brooks has been selected to receive the 2011 Media Achievement Award in recognition of his sustained and distinguished record for disseminating knowledge in personality or social psychology to the general public through his insightful articles, columns, and books. David Brooks’ writings, which are read by an enormous audience, are well known for their thoughtfulness, depth and their ability to convey complexity with great clarity. By integrating research findings into his work, Brooks showcases the relevance of social and personality psychology to many of the issues that dominate current affairs. In doing so, his articles, columns, and books, continue to improve public understanding of research and enhance the field’s standing in the broader community.
The 2011 Media Prize
Jon Hanson and Michael McCann
Jon Hanson and Michael McCann have been selected to receive the 2011 Media Prize in recognition of their outstanding work in promoting personality and social psychology research to the general public via The Situationist blog. The Situationist blog provides a forum for a broad range of researchers in the social sciences to present and discuss empirical research that can inform widely held assumptions and intuitions. The blog provides a vehicle for the bloggers, many of whom are social and personality researchers, to broadcast their ideas well beyond academic audiences. By focusing on topics that are current and material that is accessible, the Situationist has become a widely read and trusted source of information about psychological research and highly effective means for promoting the significance of the science to the broader population.
The 2011 Henry Murray Award
Michelle Fine is an internationally recognized social-personality psychologist and public intellectual who has made extensive contributions to the academic disciplines of psychology, feminist and gender studies, sociology, and education. She has conducted her research with youths and young adults in the "real worlds” of public schools, prisons, and the streets and parks of Manhattan and other world cities, developing strategies for combining quantitative and qualitative methods and for collaborating with those she studies as full collaborators. Her prolific research investigates how acts and structures of social injustice influence the development of emotions, motives, values, life-plans, and identities, and simultaneously promotes social justice and the liberation. Perhaps more than any other practicing research psychologist, Professor Fine has responded to Henry Murray’s call for a psychology that studies the complexity of persons and of the socio-cultural environments in which they develop. Her work epitomizes the ideals stated in the criteria for the award: "receptiveness to the value of bringing together a variety of disciplines, theoretical viewpoints, and research techniques,” employing "conceptual tools that lend themselves to the integration of the tough and tender in personality research,” recognizing "the thematic unity of individual lives in the midst of phenotypic diversity,” including, "the biological, social, and cultural aspects of personality,” and exercising "intellectual leadership.”
The 2011 SPSP Service to the Society Award
Richard Petty is honored for his long and distinguished service to the Society.
Richard has served the society in many different capacities, including as editor of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, chair of the Publications Committee, and President. With his clear vision and skillful leadership, our flagship journal has prospered. He was instrumental in forging collaborative international relationships across organizations that formed the foundation for a new journal, Social and Personality Psychology Science. The Society recognizes his deep commitment, wisdom, and integrity. His thoughtfulness, patience, and persistence have made the society stronger. His many contributions are deeply appreciated.
The 2011 SPSP Service to the Society Award
Mark Snyder is recognized for his long and distinguished service to the Society.
Mark has served the society in deep and meaningful ways, including as its President. His vision of the field integrates personality and social psychology, and has strengthened both subfields, and the society as a whole. His contributions to the leadership of the Foundation for Social and Personality Psychology have strengthened the field and are appreciated by the Society. Mark Snyder is widely recognized for his compassion, fairness, breadth of perspective, and diverse intellectual talents – all of which have benefited SPSP significantly across his many years of service. SPSP deeply appreciates his integrative vision and dedicated service to the Society.
The 2011 SPSP Service Award on Behalf of Personality and Social Psychology
Congressman Brian Baird
As a member of the US House of Representatives from 1999 to 2011, Representative Baird has consistently advocated for science in general, and social and personality psychology in particular. As a member of the Committee on Science and Technology, he promoted scientific research on a range of topics, advocated for funding of scientific research, provided thoughtful leadership on issues of scientific integrity, and defended scientific research, including social and personality psychology research, from efforts to defund it. Representative Baird‘s support for social and personality psychology extended beyond issues of funding. He persuasively articulated the importance of scientific, rather than political, review and promoted the field as a scientific discipline of stature. The Society recognizes his steadfast commitment to support and defend scientific research, and efforts to promote high standards for science and scientists. He has been a true friend to social and personality psychology at times when the field greatly needed support.
The 2011 Theoretical Innovation Prize
The 2011 SPSP Theoretical Innovation Prize is awarded to Mark J. Landau, Brian P. Meier and Lucas A. Keefer for their innovative 2010 Psychological Bulletin article entitled "A Metaphor-Enriched Social Cognition.” Psychologists strive to make sense of how people make sense. Dominant approaches to this task have adopted the straightforward view that people interpret and evaluate new experiences by drawing on personal knowledge they have acquired through past experiences. Of course, human cognition resides in individual minds, but Landau, Meier and Keefer identify and articulate an emerging new trend in social and personality psychology, one that considers how people come to understand the social world through the conceptual metaphors that surround them. Despite the long tradition and growing interest in metaphor-based cognition, no group has yet provided the formal integration of relevant research that has been needed for the field to "move forward” (metaphorically speaking). Landau and colleagues provide this through their review of the many ways that conceptual metaphors have been shown to shape human understandings. Their analysis examines metaphoric influences on such diverse concepts as divinity, morality, and power and considers the ways metaphors might influence reactions to social policies pertaining to such varied topics as seatbelt use and illegal immigration. By articulating ways in which metaphor has, itself, acted as a metaphor that has guided psychological research, these investigators have provided the field with new understanding of how culture and history can shape the way we think and react to the worlds in which we live.